Professor Raphaële GarrodBack to People

Subjects: Modern Languages (and Joint Honours)
Department: Modern and Medieval Languages
College appointment: Tutorial Fellow
Academic position: Associate Professor in French


I was educated  in various state schools in the DOM-TOM, before reading French and English at Paris IV, Sorbonne. I then sat my agrégationin French literature and language and taught in secondary schools in France for two years.

I  came to the UK for an M.Phil in European culture at Cambridge, and carried on with a PhD as the Knox scholar at Trinity college. I then took a junior research fellowship  at Newnham college, before heading for two years to Australia to work on Jesuits within the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions (CHE). I came back to Cambridge in 2015 to join the ERC project ‘Genius before Romanticism: Ingenuity in Early Modern Art and Science’ at CRASSH.

I took the post of tutorial fellow in French at Magdalen in 2018.


I  work at the crossroads of the intellectual history and literature of early modern France and Europe envisaged from a global perspective. My research provides early modern genealogies to the very notions of identity–the country, the nation, the self–that contemporary transcultural and post-colonial discourses seek to interrogate. Humanism itself was one such transcultural phenomenon: early modern vernacular accounts of nation and selfhood arise from the translation, creative assimilation but also critique of a past classical heritage. The transnational Republic of Letters, whose network relayed humanist erudition and the travel narratives of cultural encounters in colonial outposts, also played a crucial part in early modern delineations of anthropological, political and confessional identities.

My first book, Cosmographical Novelties: Dialectic and Discovery in Early Modern French Prose (Brepols, 2016) highlights the ways in which the humanist retrieval of classical logic and rhetoric provided early modern thinkers with the discursive toolkit they needed in order to shape and disseminate in new vernacular genres the worldviews arising from the so-called Scientific Revolution and from the Great Voyages.

I am currently writing my second book, Ingenious Animals: Three Renaissance Anthropologies of Culture (Erasmus, Rabelais, Montaigne). Steering clear of grand rationalist narratives of the early modern emergence of a new and universal conception of human nature, the book explores the ways in which these three keys figures of the Renaissance envisaged culture as a social, medical, and anthropological expressions of animal ingenuity–understood according to period terms as the embodied soul and wit of an animated, moving being. In so doing, Ingenious Animals provide Foucaldian genealogies to alternative conceptions of the human articulated in the Renaissance, and hopes to bring forth a new understanding of humanism.


I teach Magdalen undergraduates the first-year Prelims course in French. For Honours, I teach second and final years sixteenth- and seventeenth-century texts (papers VII and X). I also teach translation into French and from early modern French.

I lecture across the period. I am committed to the close reading of texts and to actors category: the past may well be a foreign country, yet one way of making it familiar is to try to speak the language. I try to teach with rare books in Magdalen library.

I welcome applications from prospective postgraduate students working on early modern French and European (neo-Latin) texts, especially those interested in the interplay between scientific culture and literature, wanting to read travel narratives, to investigate diplomatic encounters, or to explore early modern translation.


Authored books

  • Marr, A., R. Garrod, J. R. Marcaída and R. Oosterhoff, Logodaedalus. Word Histories of Ingenuity in Early Modern Europe (Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press: 2019).
  • Garrod, R., Cosmographical Novelties in French Renaissance Prose: Dialectic and Discovery, Early European Research 9 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2016)

Edited volumes

  • Garrod, Raphaële, with Alexander Marr, Descartes and the Ingenium: The Embodied Soul in Cartesianism, Brill Studies in Intellectual History (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
  • Garrod, R., with A. Marr (eds), Cartesian Ingenuity. Embodied Cognition in the Philosophy of René Descartes, Forthcoming, submitted to press.
  • Garrod, R. with P. J. Smith (eds), Natural History in Early Modern France: Poetics of an Epistemic Genre, Intersections 58 (Leiden: Brill, 208)
  • Garrod, R. and Y. Haskell, Changing Hearts. Performing Jesuit Emotions Across Asia, Europe and the Americas, Jesuit Studies 15 (Leiden: Brill, 2018)


  • Garrod, Raphaële, “The Animal Outside”: Animal Ingenuity and Human Prudence in French Renaissance Political Thought’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 1 September 2019; 49 (3): 521–540.
  • Champion, M., R. Garrod, Y. Haskell and J. Feros Ruys ‘But Were They Talking about Emotions? Affectus, affectio and the History of Emotions’, Rivista Storica Italiana, 2017: 2, 521-43
  • Garrod, R., ‘Idolatry and Accommodation: “Histoires” and Their Natural-Philosophical Interpretations in Simon Goulart’s Commentaires et annotations sur la Sepmaine de Du Bartas (1583)’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 74.3 (2013), 361-80.
  • Garrod, R., ‘On Fish: Natural History as Spiritual materia medica: Calvinist Pastoralism in Pierre Viret’s Instruction Chrestienne (1564)’, Perspectives on Science, 20.2 (2012), 227-245