MC:P278 Papers of Robert Dudley Middleton (1884-1956)
Robert Dudley Middleton (1884–1956) studied theology as a Casberd Exhibitioner at St John’s from 1909 to 1914. He was ordained deacon in 1910 and, after two assistant curacies (Summertown ,1910–1914, and Watlington, 1914–1915) and a period as an army chaplain (1915–1919), he was presented to the living of Lower Hardres with Nackington, near Canterbury, where he stayed for twenty-four years. During this latter period he began to write and, inspired by his interest in the Oxford Movement, high-churchmanship and Tractarianism, wrote works which included these books about people at Magdalen: Magdalen Studies (1936); and Dr. Routh (1938). In 1945, Middleton moved to St. Margaret’s, Oxford, where he also served as Rector of Wytham. He continued to write and produced: Newman and Bloxam, an Oxford Friendship’ (1947).
The following papers relate to Middleton’s research for Magdalen Studies and Dr. Routh, and in particular the following former members of the College:
John Rouse Bloxam (1807–1891): Demy of Magdalen, 1830–5; Fellow there, 1836–62; and Librarian, 1851–62 (MC:P278/C1/1 and 21).
Henry Ramsden Bramley (1833–1917): matriculated from Oriel in 1852; elected Scholar of University College, 1853; ordained priest, 1858; Tutor of Magdalen , 1858–68 and 1871–83; Vice-President of Magdalen, 1883; Dean of Divinity, 1885 and 1889; Dean of Arts, 1871–82; and appointed by Magdalen to the Perpetual Curacy of Horspath, 1861–1889 (MC:P278/C1/2, 4 and 7).
Bernard Smith (1815–1903): matriculated from Magdalen, 1831; Demy, 1831–6; and Fellow, 1836–9. He served as rector of Leadenham, Lincoln, 1839–42; converted to the Roman Catholic faith, 1842; Canon of Northampton, 1858; and Missionary Rector of Great Marlow, 1859 (MC:P278/C1/3 and 8–14).
James Bowling Mozley (1813–1878): matriculated from Oriel, 1830; Fellow of Magdalen, 1840–56; Dean of Arts, 1844; Bursar, 1844, 1848 and 1854; Vice-president, 1849; Dean of Divinity, 1852; and Bampton lecturer, 1865. He served as Vicar of Old Shoreham, 1856–78; Canon of Worcester, 1869–71; and Regius Professor of Divinity and Canon of Christ Church, 1871–8 (MC:P278/C1/5–6).
Roundell Palmer, Lord Selbourne, (1812–1895): matriculated from Christ Church, 1830 and immediately elected Scholar of Trinity; and then Fellow of Magdalen, 1834–48 (MC:P278/C1/17).
Martin Joseph Routh (1755–1854): matriculated from Queen’s, 1770; Demy of Magdalen, 1771; and then President, 1791–1854 (MC:P278/C1/18–23, and MC:P278/N1/1 and 3).
Middleton’s papers were given by his executor, Mr. Brian Taylor, in 1957.
Catalogued by Jennie de Protani in April 2006.
MC:P278/C1 – LETTERS ADDRESSED TO R. D. MIDDLETON AND RELATED TO HIS WRITING
MC:P278/C1/1 10 May 1933
A letter (one sheet) from J. Wylde (John Wylde matriculated from Magdalen College in 1859; was a Demy 1858–63; and became vicar of St. Saviour’s, Leeds in 1877) to an unspecified addressee, but presumably Middleton, concerning his recollection of Dr. Bloxam.
MC:P278/C1/2 9 August 1933
A letter (one sheet) from C. G. Hall (address: 1 Vicars’ Court, Lincoln) to an unspecified addressee, but presumably Middleton, concerning information about Canon Bramley.
MC:P278/C1/3 23 October 1933
A letter (one sheet) from J. Dey, Rector (address: Oscott College, Birmingham) to an unspecified addressee, but presumably Middleton, giving information about Bernard Smith.
MC:P278/C1/4 12 November 1933
A letter (one folded sheet) from A. Riley (address: The Athenaeum, Pall Mall, S.W.1.) to Middleton concerning Canon Bramley and the Tractarian movement.
MC:P278/C1/5 19 July 1934
A letter (one sheet) from J. F. G. Glossop (John Francis Gilderoy Glossop matriculated from Magdalen in 1881), Vicar of Shoreham, (address: Shoreham Vicarage, Sussex) to Middleton giving anecdotal information about Dr. Mozley and mentioning Sir Walter Parratt.
MC:P278/C1/6 28 July 1934
A letter (one sheet) from E. Johnson (address: Lane End, High Wycombe) to an unspecified addressee, but presumably Middleton, concerning the time his uncle, Dr Mozley, spent at Old Shoreham vicarage.
MC:P278/C1/7 18 May 1935
A postcard from H. Cotton Smith (address: Vicarage, Nettleham, Lincoln) to Middleton (address: Lower Hardres Rectory, White Hill, Canterbury) concerning the grave of Canon Bramley.
MC:P278/C1/8 18 August 1935
A letter (three sheets) from W. G. Shorten (address: The Rectory, Leadenham, Nr. Lincoln) to Middleton, concerning providing Middleton with information and photographs relating to Bernard Smith’s changes to Leadenham Church.
MC:P278/C1/9 26 August 1935
A letter (three sheets) from W. G. Shorten (address: Leadenham Rectory, Lincoln) to Middleton concerning the progress of his research on Middleton’s behalf, and giving information about Leadenham Church. One page of the letter originated from Middleton to Shorten and was returned to Middleton with added comments by Shorten.
MC:P278/C1/10 5 September 1935
A letter (two sheets) from John Hardman & Co. Ltd. (address: 43, Newhall Hill, Birmingham.1) to Middleton, concerning the stained glass in the east window of Leadenham Church ordered in 1879 by the Reverend Offley Smith. (Offley Smith (d.1879) was the brother of Bernard Smith, and matriculated from Oriel in 1837. He succeeded his brother as rector of Leadenham in 1843.)
MC:P278/C1/11 6 September 1935
A letter (one sheet) from W. G. Shorten (address: The Rectory, Leadenham, Nr. Lincoln) to Middleton regarding ‘Appendix No. 1’ (the subject is not given), and about Pugin’s work in Leadenham Church.
MC:P278/C1/12 9 September 1935
A letter (three sheets) from W. G. Shorten (address: Leadenham R(ectory) Lincoln) to Middleton relating to Leadenham Church and including a sketch of the stone altar. Two postcard views of the interior were enclosed, but Middleton asked for one postcard to be returned to him, and neither is now with Middleton’s papers.
MC:P278/C1/13 11 September 1935
A letter (six sheets) from W. G. Shorten (address: Leadenham Rectory, Lincoln) to Middleton providing information about Pugin, Bernard Smith and Leadenham Church.
MC:P278/C1/14 13 September 1935
A letter (three sheets) from W. G. Shorten (address: Leadenham Rectory, Lincoln) to Middleton, providing advice and information on Pugin’s work in Leadenham Church, and information about Bernard Smith.
MC:P278/C1/15 27 March 1936
A letter (one sheet) from W. G. Shorten (address: Leadenham Rectory, Lincoln) to Middleton, thanking him for the copy of ‘Magdalen Studies’ and commenting on the contents.
MC:P278/C1/16 2 April 1936
A letter (two sheets) from Hilgrove Coxe (Hilgrove Coxe matriculated from Corpus Christi in 1864) (address: Watlington, Oxford) to Middleton concerning a book by Middleton which had just been reviewed in the Times Literary Supplement. The date of the letter would indicate that this is Magdalen Studies. Coxe recalled Dr. Routh and Canon Bramley.
MC:P278/C1/17 7 October 1936
A letter (one folded sheet) from Laura E Ridding (address: The Old House, Wonston, Sutton Scotney, Winchester) to Middleton, concerning a sketch of her father’s life in Magdalen Studies.
MC:P278/C1/18 27 January 1938
A letter (one sheet and enclosure) from Enid N. G. Routh (address: Fairpark House, Exeter) to Middleton enclosing two wax impressions of her father’s seal (wrapped in a calendar for October 1936), and stating that she was asking her cousin to send Middleton a wax impression of her seal because it had belonged to Dr. Routh.
MC:P278/C1/19 28 February 1938
A postcard from G. R. D., the Librarian, Magdalen College, to Middleton (address: Lower Hardres Rectory, White Hill, Nr. Canterbury) and postmarked Oxford 28 February 1938. The Librarian says he has been given information, originating from Routh’s solicitors, that Routh had married his wife because, when he was her trustee, their finances had become so inextricably confused that Routh had been advised that marriage was the only solution. (Godfrey Rolles Driver was Fellow of Magdalen, 1919–62; and was Librarian, 1923–40.)
MC:P278/C1/20 17 March 1938
A letter (three sheets with an envelope) from Stanley Pott (address: 130 Gloucester Terrace, Hyde Park, W.2.) to Middleton; envelope addressed to: Rev: R. D. Middleton, Lower Hardres Rectory, Nackington, Canterbury, and postmarked Paddington W.2, 18 March 1938. The letter gives a possible reason for Dr. Routh’s marriage, and also includes anecdotal evidence from Pott’s father concerning Routh’s attitude to his wife. (Pott’s father was possibly Alfred Pott, who was a Demy of Magdalen, 1843–53; and was a Fellow, 1853–5.)
MC:P278/C1/21 22 June 1938
A letter (two sheets with an envelope) from J. Wylde (John Wylde matriculated from Magdalen in 1859; was a Demy 1858–63; and became vicar of St. Saviours, Leeds, in 1877), (address: 3, Oakhill Road, Beckenham, Kent) to Middleton; envelope addressed to: The Rev. R. D. Middleton, The Rectory, Lower Hardres, Canterbury, and postmarked Beckenham, Kent, 22 June 1938. The first sheet of the letter concerns the location of ‘Dr. B’s’ [Dr. Bloxam’s] rooms in The New Building, and the second sheet has a sketch of their location.
MC:P278/C1/22 5 July 1938
A letter (one sheet and an enclosure) from Sir Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, (address: Amen House, Warwick Square, London, E.C. 4) to Middleton, enclosing a letter, dated 2 July 1938, from W. H. Quarrell (joint author of Lichenberg’s Visits to England). Quarrell refers to the small portrait of Dr. Routh as not being by Hartmann; he says that Hartmann’s portrait of Dr. Routh was lent to Burlington Fine Arts Club by ‘Cust’ (see MC:P278/C1/23); and he also mentions a presentation, silver tureen which had belonged to Magdalen.
MC:P278/C1/23 7 July 1938
A letter (one sheet) from Robert Cust (Robert Henry Hobart Cust matriculated from Magdalen in 1881) (address: Vernon House, 13 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, N.W.3.) to Middleton, concerning information contained in Quarrell’s letter dated 2 July 1938 (see C1/22). Cust says that he bought Hartmann’s portrait of Dr. Routh at the Burdett-Coutts sale (no date given) and gave it almost immediately to Magdalen; he attests that the portrait is genuine; and, as a member of the Burlington Fine Arts Club of over 25 years standing, he states that the portrait has never been lent to that Club.
MC:P278/C1/24 17 January 1948
A letter (one sheet and enclosure, with an envelope) from W. P. Blore (address: Chapter Library, The Precincts, Canterbury) to Middleton; envelope addressed to The Rev: R. D. Middleton, S. Margaret’s Vicarage, Oxford, and postmarked Canterbury, Kent, 17 January 1948. The letter is concerning Accepted Frewen, and the enclosure is a transcript of a letter (Canterbury Letters No. 25) from Dr. Frewin to the Deane (sic) and Prebendaries of Canterbury Cathedral, dated 7 November (no year), concerning his living at Canterbury. (Accepted Frewen (bap.1588, d. 1664) matriculated from Magdalen in 1604; was a Demy, 1603–12; was a Fellow, 1612–26; and was President, 1626–44. He became Bishop of Coventry and Litchfield in 1644, and Archbishop of York from 1660 until his death.)
MC:P278/C1/25 19 January 1948
A letter (one sheet with an envelope) from G. J. Murray Atkins, Chapter Clerk, (address: Diocesan Registry, The Close, Lichfield, Staffs) to Middleton; envelope addressed to The Rev: R. D. Middleton, S. Margaret’s Vicarage, Oxford. The letter is responding to Middleton’s request for information concerning Accepted Frewen.
MC:P278/C1/26 22 January 1948
A letter (one sheet with an envelope) from Rev. James Nankivell, Selden Librarian, (address: The Cathedral Library, Gloucester) to Middleton; envelope addressed to The Revd. N. Thiddleton (sic) [R. D. Middleton], St. Margaret’s Vicarage, Oxford, and postmarked 23 January 1948. The letter is responding to a request for information about Accepted Frewen when he was Dean of Gloucester in 1631.
MC:P278/C2 – LETTERS RELATING TO R. D. MIDDLETON’S PAPERS
MC:P278/C2/1 4–2 March 1957
Correspondence between Brian Taylor and Thomas Boase, President of Magdalen, concerning the donation of Middleton’s papers. [4 items]
MC:P278/MS1 – MANUSCRIPT MATERIAL COLLECTED BY R. D. MIDDLETON
MC:P278/MS1/1 23 October 1933
Four sheets containing a handwritten copy by E. C. Wilson of on an article entitled: ‘Two Oxford Rooms: Fifty Years Ago’ by ‘E.V.H.’, taken from the Oxford Magazine of 23 May 1906. Middleton refers to this article in Magdalen Studies, pp. 51–52, and names the author of the article as the Reverend Edward Vine Hall (Edward Vine Hall matriculated from Magdalen in 1855; was a chorister, 1845–55; and was a Clerk of Magdalen, 1855–9). Vine’s article gives a full description of the contents of the two sets of rooms, and the habits of the occupants, one of whom was Dr. Bloxam and the other was Robert Cholmeley. The sets of rooms were in The New Building, as mention is made of the deer feeding below. Vine recounts an anecdotal story about a makeshift balcony that Cholmeley built outside his rooms, where he would sit and smoke his pipe. (Robert Cholmeley matriculated from Wadham in 1836 and was a fellow of Magdalen, 1840–58.)
MC:P278/MS1/2 3 November 1935
Five sheets containing handwritten notes by ‘E.C.W.’ about ‘May Morning on Magdalen Tower’ by Holman Hunt, which was used as an illustration in Middleton’s Magdalen Studies. The writing appears to be that of E. C. Wilson.
Typed copy of a letter (two sheets) dated 8 February 1808 from E.S. Thurlow (address: Norwich) to an unknown addressee, and concerning the detail of a memorial to Thurlow’s late uncle.
A small notebook with the handwritten title: ‘Bible Class Register’, which contains notes on Accepted Frewen and ‘Changes in the Chapel’ which refer to decorative changes to Magdalen Chapel during the time of President Frewen. Inside the notebook is an unattached sheet containing a list of references from Bloxam’s Register, Vol. II, concerning the repair and decoration of Magdalen Chapel under the instruction of President Frewen, and reference to Demies. [2 items]
Four typed sheets of manuscript concerning the bequest of Dr. Routh’s Library.
MC:P278/N1 – NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS COLLECTED BY R. D. MIDDLETON
MC:P278/N1/1 10 and 16 October 1889
Newspaper cuttings from The Times of an article in two parts, published on consecutive weeks, and entitled: ‘Dean Burgon and His Contemporaries’, which is a review of the Lives of Twelve Good Men by Dean Burgon, part one going into some detail about Dr. Routh. [2 items]
MC:P278/N1/2 23 May 1939
A newspaper cutting from The Times of an obituary for Roundell Palmer’s daughter, entitled: ‘Lady Laura Ridding’, ‘Winchester Memories’.
MC:P278/N1/3 28 January 1939
A newspaper cutting from the correspondence columns of an unknown newspaper, of a letter from R. D. Middleton to a ‘Dr. Routh’ about people still living, who recalled Dr. Routh.
MC:P278/N1/4 n.d. (1936)
A newspaper cutting from an unknown newspaper of an article entitled: ‘Memorable Men of Magdalen: 1’ by Abbot Hunter Blair (Commoner at Magdalen 1872–6, and later an Abbot of the Benedictine Order) which draws on Middleton’s book entitled: Magdalen Studies to reminisce about Blair’s time at Magdalen. Hunter Blair mentions that he is writing exactly sixty years after taking his B.A., which dates the article to 1936.
MC:P278/N1/5 27 July 1940
A newspaper cutting from the Reading Mercury of a news item entitled: ‘The Late Miss B. E. Routh’, which mentions Middleton’s book on Dr. Routh.
A newspaper cutting from the correspondence columns of an unknown newspaper, of a letter addressed to the paper from Gillie Potter (address: Anson Road, N. 7), and concerning the Oxford Movement, and confusion between William Palmer of Worcester College and William Palmer of Magdalen College. (William Palmer (1811–1879), older brother of Roundell Palmer, was a Demy of Magdalen, 1826–32; a Fellow, 1832–55; and was made Vice-President in 1845.)
MC:P278/P1 – PHOTOGRAPHS RELATING TO R. D. MIDDLETON’S WRITING
P1/1 A photograph of a painting of Frederick Bulley, reproduced facing p. 83 in Middleton’s book Magdalen Studies.
P1/2 A photograph of a photograph of Roundell Palmer, reproduced facing p. 127 in Middleton’s book Magdalen Studies.
P1/3 A photograph of a framed photograph of James Bowling Mozley, reproduced facing p. 145 in Middleton’s book Magdalen Studies.
P1/4 A photograph of a sketch of Magdalen Tower by J. C. Buckler, reproduced facing p. 38 in Middleton’s book Dr. Routh.
P1/5 A photograph of a crayon sketch of Dr. Routh by W. H. Pickersgill, reproduced facing p. 190 in Middleton’s book Dr Routh.
P1/6 A photograph of John Bloxam’s grave at Beeding.
MC:P278/X1 – EPHEMERA RELATING TO R. D. MIDDLETON
MC:P278/X1/1 February 1957
Obituary to R. D. Middleton, written by Brian Taylor.