MC:PR30/1/C1/2 Family Letters Vol. II (1771-1854)
Guardbook bound in dark green covers, with “M. J. Routh Vol. II” on the spine. This contains letters to Martin Routh from his father Peter, and documents relating to Routh’s university posts and degrees, and to his appointments as President and as Rector of Tilehurst.
Fol. 1: Note in John Bloxam’s hand, written on a fragment of a letter to Routh, reading “Papers relating to the President himself”.
Fol. 2: Transcript by Adolphus Holmes from the registers of St. Margarets, South Elmham, recording the baptism of Martin Routh., dated 17 Mar 1852.
Fol. 3: Letter from Peter Routh (address missing) to Martin Routh, 1771 (day and month missing). Part of the text of this letter is lost. Peter discusses Martin’s new surplice, and gives him advice on what to study and how to spend his time.
Fol. 4: Letter from Peter Routh (address, Beccles) to Martin Routh, 4 Feb 1774. On the same sheet is a letter of introduction from Peter to Gonville and Caius College (where he had been an undergraduate). Peter advises Martin what to do about presenting the letter there.
Fol. 5: Official copy, written on parchment and signed by the Vice-Chancellor of the accounts kept by Martin Routh and Phineas Pett when they were Proctors of the University for 1785/6.
Fols. 6–8: MS in Routh’s hand of a discourse on the title “An Christus sit vere Deus”. Someone has added in pencil that this was Routh’s exercise for his BD degree, which he took in 1786. Inserted into this text is a bill, dated 15 Jul 1786, for the costs incurred by Routh in taking his BD degree.
Fol. 9: Draft letter from Routh to an unnamed addressee, Oxford, 21 May 1791. Routh thanks his correspondent for congratulating him on his election as President.
Fol. 10: Letter from an illegible correspondent (address, London) to Martin Routh, 23 May 1791. The writer congratulates Routh on being elected Master [sic] of Magdalen College. On the back of this letter Routh has made a note of the significant dates in his life up to 1791, including a record of the years in which he went to Beccles.
Fol. 11: Letter from J. Sturges (identified by Routh as the Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester; address, Winchester) to Martin Routh, 3 May 1791. Sturges explains that he is not competent in his own right to admit Routh as President of Magdalen.
Fol. 12: Draft letter from Martin Routh, no address, to an unnamed peer or possibly Bishop (“My Lord”), no date given. Routh asks after his addressee’s health.
Fol. 13: Letter from J. Sturges (address, Winchester) to an unnamed addressee, 1 May 1791. Sturges advises the new President of Magdalen (i.e. Routh) not to come to Winchester to see him alone, as he does not have the power to confirm him as President, but hopes to hear from the Bishop of Winchester about what should be done.
Fol. 14: Draft letter from Martin Routh (no address given) to “Evans”, “Friday Morn” (presumably May 1791). Routh has had to go out of town to visit the Bishop of Winchester. He thanks Evans for his good wishes on his election, and for his recommendation of one Goodday for election to a Demyship in 1792 (see also MC:PR30/1/C1/3 Fol. 39; in fact, no one of this name was elected that year). There is also on this draft a note to Dr. Randoph thanking him for his “discourse” (it is not clear whether this is a pamphlet presented, or a lecture attended).
Fol. 15: Certificate from Philip, Bishop of Norwich, that on 21 Dec 1777 he ordained Martin Routh a deacon.
Fol. 16: Certificate from the Churchwardens of Shipmeadow, Suffolk, that Martin Routh received the sacrament at communion on 2 Oct 1791.
Fol. 17: Note in Routh’s hand of the places visited on the Norfolk and Suffolk progress of October 1791.
Fol. 18: Letter from J. Bacon (?) (address, First Fruits Office) to D. Wills (address, Oxford), 21 Feb 1794. Bacon has received a deposit of 35 guineas from Routh, and invites Routh to attend the service for the Sons of the Clergy as one of the Stewards. Bacon supplies a list of all the Stewards, including Routh.
Fol. 19: Draft letter from Martin Routh (no address given) to Thomas Thurlow, Bishop of Durham (D. 1755–9; F. 1759–72), no date given. Routh discusses some coins which have been sent to Thurlow, which appear to be some of the “Spur Royals” given to Magdalen by William Waynflete.
Fol. 20: Note, apparently from the Principal of Brasenose College, to Martin Routh, 1809. The Principal attaches a note from the supporters of Lord Grenville which is to appear in the Morning Chronicle to disclaim any links with a letter which had mistakenly claimed that Routh supported Grenville for the Chancellorship.
Fol. 21: Letter from Sophia Sheppard (address, Amport) to Martin Routh, 17 Jul 1810. She reports that her husband Thomas has visited the Bishop of Salisbury, and has presented Routh to the living of Tilehurst, without telling him. She reports that the Bishop was surprised that Routh was not in priest’s orders, but says that he would be happy to perform a private ordination for him. Sophia also adds a few words to her sister Anne, who was looking after Routh at this time.
Fol. 22: Letter from the Bishop of Salisbury (address, Palace, Sarum) to Martin Routh, 6 Aug 1810. The Bishop makes arrangements for Routh’s ordination.
No. 23: Draft letter from Martin Routh (no address given) to the Bishop of Salisbury (John Fisher, 1748–1825; Bishop of Salisbury 1807–25), undated (August 1810?). Routh makes arrangements to come to Salisbury for his ordination.
Fol. 24: Letter from John Fisher, Bishop of Salisbury (address, Palace, Sarum) to Martin Routh, 16 Aug 1810. The Bishop has to postpone the date of Routh’s ordination.
Fol. 25: Notice of Installation, dated 26 Aug 1810, by the Bishop of Salisbury of Martin Routh as Rector of Tilehurst.
Fol. 26: Authorisation, dated 29 Aug 1810, from the Archdeacon of Salisbury, for the induction of Martin Routh as Rector of Tilehurst.
Fol. 27: Draft letter from Martin Routh (address, Magdalen College) to an unnamed Bishop (presumably the Bishop of Salisbury), 4 Nov 1814. Routh thanks the Bishop for sending him a copy of a speech recently delivered by him against the slave trade. He also asks whether the Bishop has received his copies of Reliquiae Sacrae.
Fol. 28: Draft letter from Martin Routh (address, Magdalen College) to an unnamed addressee (identified tentatively on the letter as John Wilson, matr. 1803), 14 May 1820. Routh praises his correspondent as being the most eminent “non-foundationer” of the College he can remember. He regrets that his College duties prevented him from getting to know Wilson better.
Fol. 29: Petition to Martin Routh, dated Monday 23 Feb [1829 – not 1827 as written on the letter] from several Oxford academics, including some Fellows of Magdalen College. Routh is asked to nominate Sir Robert Inglis for the forthcoming Parliamentary election (in which he stood against Robert Peel on the question of Catholic Emancipation).
Fol. 30: Anonymous note, undated, but presumably c. 1834. The writer mocks Routh for supporting the Duke of Wellington (presumably for the Chancellorship), who had carried through Catholic Emancipation, when he had previously opposed Robert Peel, who had also supported it.
Fol. 31: Copy of a minute from the Quarterly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends for Berkshire and Oxfordshire, 15 April 1828. Routh has had in his possession the first volume of records of the Oxfordshire Quarterly Meetings, begun in 1746, and has offered to give it back to them. In return, the Meeting agrees to offer him a selection of important Quaker theological texts, which are listed. Several of these volumes appear to be in the Routh collection at the University of Durham.
Fol. 32: Text of an anonymous Latin poem (written in elegiac couplets) addressed to Routh, with a dedicatory note, and written from Queen’s College, July 1828. The poem praises Routh for his learning, and his age and experience.
Fol. 33: Draft letter from Routh to an unnamed Bishop, undated (mid-1840s?). Routh notes a suggestion from his correspondent that the Queen should make nominations to the Welsh bishoprics and the proposed see of Manchester with the advice of the Privy Council, and warns against this diminution in the Royal prerogative. A date of 1833 has been added to this letter, but the see of Manchester was not created until 1847, which suggests that the letter was written over a decade later.
Fol. 34: Draft letter from Routh (address, Tilehurst near Reading) to Henry Phillpotts (F. 1795–1805; Bishop of Exeter 1830–69), 12 Jul 1833. Routh supports Phillpotts in his opposition to an unnamed bill (probably the Irish Church Temporalities Act of 1833).
Fols. 35–36: Two versions of a petition submitted to Parliament by Martin Routh, protesting against what appears to be the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836.
Fol. 37: Memorandum in Routh’s hand giving an account of his career to 1814. The circumstances for the creation of this memorandum are unknown.
Fol. 38: Draft letter from Martin Routh (address, Magdalen College) to an unnamed Archbishop (presumably William Howley, Archbishop of Canterbury 1828–48), 14 Mar 1837. Evidently concerned at a new act concerning pluralities, Routh explains the division of his time between Magdalen and his parish at Tilehurst.
Fol. 39: Letter from Henry Ravenscroft (address illegible) to Martin Routh, 2 April 1844. Ravenscroft tells Routh that his clerical wig will be sent off to him tomorrow.
Fol. 40: Letter from William White, (address, London, Brown Court) to Martin Routh, 22 May 1842. White has prepared an engraving based on a portrait of Routh by Thompson, paying £50 for the privilege. White now passes on some comments on the print by one Mr. Collins (probably Thomas Collins, F. 1805–16), who called it “ a complete failure”, and asks Routh to deny this is the case.
Fol. 41: Letter to Martin Routh signed by several Oxford academics, dated 3 Jun 1851. The signatories report that the portrait of Martin Routh by Thompson has been presented to the University of Oxford, to hang in the Bodleian Library, and hope that he will approve of this act.
Fol. 42: Another copy of the above letter, with a copy of Routh’s reply, dated 3 Jun 1851, in which he thanks the signatories for their act.
Fol. 43: Letter from J. B. Mozley, as Vice-President, to Martin Routh, 29 Apr [year not given, but Mozley served as Vice-President 1849–50]. Mozley, on behalf of the Fellowship, asks Routh to agree to sit for his portrait, on the grounds that none of the existing ones of him are satisfactory.
Fol. 44: [this letter is loose] Letter from Philip Bliss (address, Clay Hall near Stevenage) to Martin Routh, 30 Jul 1850. Bliss reports that Karl Hartmann has sold his portrait of Routh to a certain Mr. Ryman for 25 guineas to make an engraving from it, and not for 80 guineas, as rumour had it.
Fol. 45: Memorandum in Martin Routh’s hand, dated 1788, in which he leaves instructions for the disposal of his papers and books in the event of his death.
Fol. 46: Text of Martin Routh’s will, dated 17 Mar 1837, in which he leaves all his land at Tilehurst to his sister Sophia Sheppard.
Fol. 47: Extract in Routh’s hand, undated, of what appears to be a Latin epitaph for a member of the Routh family.
Fol. 48: Printed handbill giving details of the order of procession at Martin Routh’s funeral, 29 Dec 1854.
Fol. 49 (found loose): Copy made by William Macray in February 1901 of a letter from Martin Routh (address, Beccles) to Edward Lister (1766–82; Ch. 1774–82), 18 Sep 1780. Macray notes that the text was sent to him by W. H. Bliss. In the letter Routh reports on his activities in Suffolk, and encourages Lister in his writing.
Return here to the introduction to this section.