MC:P429/X1 ‘The Case Against ‘Evolution”
This series relates to Bonner’s article in The Nineteenth Century And After in November 1927 (see MC:P429/N5/14 and MC:P429/N6/15) and the controversy which followed. This article was followed by another in the same journal two months later by Professor J.A. Fleming. Fleming was President of the Victoria Institute, a society set up in response to the publication of ‘The Origin of Species’ to defend what it saw as scriptural truths against the perceived attacks of ‘Science falsely so called’. The Institute still exists today, under the name of ‘Faith and Thought’.
These two articles drew a response from Sir Arthur Keith, who had recently been elected president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. In his inaugural address, ‘Darwin’s theory of man’s descent as it stands today’, Keith had argued strongly in favour of Darwin’s conclusions. His response to Bonner and Fleming, entitled ‘Evolution and its Modern Critics’, was published in The Nineteenth Century And After in February 1928. This in turn prompted a response from Bonner, which can be found at MC:P429/N6/16. MC:P429/X1/1 &8 were found in a folder marked ‘MSS 1920, 1921, Fragments up to 1922’.
MC:P429/X1/1 6 December 1926
Uncorrected proof of a paper, ‘Evolution And Revelation’, to be read at The Victoria Institute, by its President, Professor J.A. Fleming. This copy of the address was enclosed with a letter from Fleming to Bonner, congratulating him on ‘The Case Against ‘Evolution’’ [see MC:P429/X1/3]. Fleming also wrote an anti-evolutionary article in The Nineteenth Century And After, which appeared in the journal two months after Bonner’s piece.
Typescript of article ‘The Case Against Evolution’.
MC:P429/X1/3 5 Nov 1927
Letter to Bonner from Dr J.A. Fleming FRS [address: ‘Greenfield’, Manor Road, Sidmouth, S. Devon] congratulating Bonner on ‘The Case Against Evolution’. Fleming notes that he has also ‘done what little I could to oppose the ridiculous assumption of the Monkey-origin of mankind’, and encloses a copy of his address to The Victoria Institute (of which he was president), as an example of his efforts [this can be found at MC:P429/X1/1]. Fleming also wrote an anti-evolutionary article, which appeared in the January 1928 edition of The Nineteenth Century And After.
MC:P429/X1/4 8 Nov 1927
Letter from I. Salmon [address: Mona House, Okehampton, Devon] asking Bonner if the fact that humans can oppose the thumb to each finger is still considered proof than they are not descended from apes.
MC:P429/X1/5 14 Nov 1927
Letter from C.H. Sharpe [address: More Hall, Stroud, Glos.] congratulating him on his article ‘The Case against ‘Evolution’.
MC:P429/X1/6 n.d. [1927-8]
Manuscript draft of letter by Bonner to the editor of The Nineteenth Century And After, replying to comments made by another correspondent about his article ‘The Case Against Evolution’. [See also MC:P429/X1/10]
MC:P429/X1/7 Jan 1928
Printed copy of MC:P429/X1/6. It is dated Jan 1927, but judging by the other items to which it refers, this is most likely a misprint. [See also MC:P429/X1/10]
MC:P429/X1/8 15 December 1927
One page of a letter addressed to ‘Dr George Bonner’ from an unknown correspondent [address unknown: postmarked ‘Northumberland’], headed ‘The Case Against Evolution’. In it, Bonner’s correspondent uses a quotation from Leviticus to suggest that humans are not descended from apes, but rather that apes ‘are really bestialized animals of the lower creation [sic] the product of foul passions of degraded men and women.’
MC:P429/X1/9 Nov 1927
Page proofs of Bonner’s article ‘The Case Against ‘Evolution’’.
MC:P429/X1/10 Dec 1927
Clipping from The Nineteenth Century And After containing an article entitled ‘Life in the Stars’ and a letter in response to Bonner’s anti-evolution article. The clipping was sent to Bonner by Durrant’s Press Cuttings [see also MC:P429/N7]. The author of the article disagrees with Bonner’s contention in ‘the Case against ‘Evolution’’ that Christianity and the ‘present-day teaching of evolution’ are incompatible, and goes on to explore how other species might have evolved on other planets. The letter-writer is also in disagreement with Bonner. Bonner responded to the letter with one of his own: see MC:P429/X1/6-7.
Return here to introduction to this catalogue.